In Vitro Laboratory, what happens there, and how is it possible?

When discussing in Vitro laboratories, many concerns arise regarding what doctors do there and why they are crucial in fertility processes.

The place where “magic happens,” as these spaces are known, are destined to create life through science, faith, and love, making them the cradle of babies fertilized through reproduction techniques.

Behind a reproduction laboratory, you will find a great microscopic world led by a team of professionals in ​​bacteriology and biology. Some of the profiles that are part of our team at INSER are:

  • Embryologists: Professionals specializing in reproduction techniques trained to manipulate gametes to carry out the necessary procedures to fertilize and cryopreserve ovules and sperm.
  • Andrologist: Professionals dedicated to the study and treatment of male samples. Their specialty focuses on the care and analysis of sperm for properly selecting gametes for fertilization.

Any procedure that requires the manipulation of gametes (eggs and sperm) is performed in an in Vitro laboratory.

Some of the most common are:

  • In Vitro Fertilization: the ideal space and time are sought to select the sperm and fertilize the egg in the laboratory (outside the woman’s natural system). This process increases the chances of pregnancy when performing fertilization.
  • Embryo culture: after the egg is fertilized, it divides and becomes an embryo that will be permanently monitored (between 3 and 5 days) to take care of its development and be selected for subsequent transfer.
  • Cryopreservation of ovules or semen: through specialized techniques, gametes and embryos are vitrified or “frozen” at temperatures below 0 to be used in future procedures in the search for pregnancy.
  • Analysis of samples (spermogram): a complete study of the sperm is carried out for assisted reproduction treatments, where the shape, quality, vitality, and mobility, are observed.

Multiple pieces of equipment are essential in manipulating gametes within a laboratory. Some of them are:

  • Microscope: it is one of the essential tools in in Vitro fertilization processes since it allows the observation of gametes in sizes visible to the human eye.
  • Incubators: essential equipment in a laboratory that helps us simulate the natural conditions of the human body, giving the embryo the possibility to develop (temperature, humidity, PH, etc.)
  • Micromanipulation equipment: a complementary tool to the microscope that allows the manipulation of gametes to apply the reproduction technique (ICSI, biopsy, etc.)
  • Laser: this tool is used to invade the embryo and thus perform embryo biopsies.
  • Nitrogen thermos: these are fundamental tools for storing gametes and embryos in liquid nitrogen. It is used for cryopreservation when being at temperatures below 180 degrees

Although there are many procedures and techniques that are carefully applied within an assisted reproduction laboratory, the most significant component that INSER gives is the magic touch of love and faith that each member of the team puts into their work and in each treatment to help make the dream of having a child come true for each family that trusts in our work.




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