The Spermogram is the most widely used study around the world related to male fertility. This simple examination provides a broader view of reproductive capacity in men and allows for a first impression of diagnosis and evaluation of the achievements of medical and surgical treatments (vasectomy – recanalization) made during an assisted reproduction treatment.
Spermogram is the initial examination in the study of male fertility. The production of sperm in the testicle and its presence in ejaculation fluctuate according to factors such as the days of sexual abstinence, the use of some medications, high fever, exposure to toxic environmental, among others.
This study evaluates the physical aspects of sperm such as volume, PH, viscosity, color; It also analyses the number of spermatozoa, their mobility, morphology and vitality. It also provides valuable information on the presence of other cells such as macrophages, lymphocytes, leukocytes, bacteria and fungi, which depending on their number, can be an important cause of infertility.
To get tested, the man should take a sperm sample by masturbation in a suitable container to be delivered to the laboratory.
It is important that the spermogram procedure is performed with conditions that represent the state of health and basal activity of the individual. To minimize variables in the spermogram, the recommendations established by the World Health Organization (WHO) should be followed.
An abnormal result in the spermogram does not necessarily indicate a health problem. This result must be confirmed with a second examination after 20 days of the first.
- Absence of alcohol intake for at least four (4) days.
- Sexual abstinence greater than two (2) days and less than seven (7).
- No disease or mediation intake for thirty (30) days.
- The sample can be taken at home, taking into account that the time between it (ejaculation) and its processing should be less than one hour. The sample must be taken by masturbation without preservative or lubricants.
- The sample must be collected in a non-toxic plastic container, previously heated in body temperature (InSer will provide the container), marked with the date, name and surname.
- Volume: 2.0 ml or more.
- Sperm concentration: 20 million spermatozoa/ml or more.
- Total number of spermatozoa: 40 million spermatozoa per ejaculation or more.
- Mobility: 50% or more fast and slow motile sperms (type A + B).
- Morphology (normal appearance): greater than 4%.
- Vitality (live sperm): 50% or more alive.
The Spermogram is the first step to know how your reproductive health is in the face of parenthood.
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