In order to corroborate a diagnosis of infertility and other problems in the male sexual health, in many cases a doctor can recommend a Testicular biopsy, to really know the reproductive potential of the man.
It’s a surgery to remove a piece of tissue from the testicles. This tissue is examined under a microscope.
The biopsy can be done in many ways. These are:
- Open biopsy: In this procedure, the skin of the testicle is cleaned with a disinfectant medication (antiseptic). The area is then covered and a local anesthetic is applied. A small incision is then performed through the skin and a small sample of testicular tissue is extracted. In the end, you put a stitch to close the wound. If necessary, the procedure is repeated in the other testicle.
- Puncture biopsy: The area is cleaned and local anesthesia is used, as in the open biopsy. A sample of the testicle is taken using a special needle. This procedure does not require skin incisions.
This procedure is often commonly practiced to find the cause of male infertility. It is performed when a spermogram suggests that there are abnormal sperm and other problems that may interfere with reproduction in man. In some cases, sperm obtained from a testicular biopsy can be used to perform an in vitro fertilization or IVF.